# HTML Introduction
## What is it?
Most of the web pages you visit are build of HTML. You visit Google to search or click on a link and you end up at a website which is built of html pages (actually files, but we'll get to that later).
HTML is the format a kind of file. If you are familiar with “docx” or “mp3” or “pdf” or “jpg,” each of these is a kind of file. When you access an mp3 file, your phone or laptop recognizes this as a sound file and plays it in Itunes, WinMedia player etc.
HTML is the file building block of the web. It is different in a few important ways.
The power of HTML allows it to contain other kinds of files, including images, sound, and video.
The simplicity of HTML as a markup language means that we can read and write it.
## About Markup or Tagging
HTML is like any other text file, except that it includes hidden <tags> that give instruction to a web browser. Look at the html snippet below:
What do you think <h1> does? What do these tags have in common?
<h1> The Title</h1>
<p> In the beginning, there was a web page. It was not a very important page. But you have to start somewhere.</p>
For more details on html tags, please see the HTML Cheat Sheet
## Quick start
Before we setup your web domain, let's develop some familiarity with HTML in a safe “sandbox.” We will work on the code for the first page people see when they visit your site. Web browsers are set up to look for a default page such as index.html
Open a new browser tab and access the W3 Schools "Try It" editor
W3Schools doesn't all direct downloads. So let's open a text editor (Notepad, Notepad ++ or download a free one like Atom). Copy the file, save it as “index.html” on your desktop, and then try opening the file in a web browser like Chrome or Firefox.
<html> <head> <title> My Name Here </title> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" /> </head> <body> <h1>My Name Here</h1> <h2>Stats</h2> <ul> <li>Hometown: Utopia </li> <li>Student: IUP Cook Honors College</li> <li>Major: Spells and potions</li> </ul> <h2>About Me</h2> <p> They call me the <em>boy who lived</em>. Quite a nickname. I was born on 31 July 1980. My parents were Lily and James. My patronus is the Stag. Gryffindor rules. </p> </body> </html>